How to Install & Configure Nginx web service on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

Web Server is a open-source software that means we can easily used and modified freely.We can easily install & configure web servers like Nginx.

The basic objective of the web server is to store, process and deliver web pages to the users. This intercommunication is done using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).We can easily create an application in HTML or PHP & run on a web server.

Install Nginx Web Server

Update the required packages.

apt-get update

Install nginx web server.

apt-get install nginx

Start & Enable Nginx Service.

systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx

Check Nginx Status.

systemctl status nginx

Here is the command output.

Fig 1

Access Nginx Web Interface

  • Access Nginx Web Interface by using the URL.
http://server-ip

Here is the URL output.

Fig 2

 

Go to /var/www/html/ directory.Edit the index.nginx-debian.html page.We can create own .html page.

cd /var/www/html
vim index.html

Restart apache2 service

systemctl restart nginx

If we needs to create own directory & .html page or php.info page.

mkdir example
cd  example
vim index.html

Edit default Configure file.Set Document Root path & Restart the service.

vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Create own Configure file.

vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/example

Provide the code.

server {
       listen 80;
       listen [::]:80;

       server_name server-name.com;

       root /path/of/example/folder;
       index index.html;

       location / {
               try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
       }
}

Enable the config file

ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/example /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Restart Nginx Service

systemctl restart nginx

 

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