Steps to Install & Configure Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

In this blog we are going to discuss about for Apache Subversion. Apache Subversion is a free & open source software, written in Java. It is a version control based released under the Apache License. Using SVN, we can manage and track changes to code and assets across projects. It supports SVN, SVN+SSH, HTTP, and HTTPS protocols.

Prerequisite:

  • Ubuntu system with Sudo Privileges.

There are some steps to install & configure Apache Subversion(SVN) on Ubuntu:

Step 1: Update the System.

apt-get update

Step 2: Install Apache2.

apt install apache2 apache2-utils

  • Start & Enable the Apache2 service.

systemctl start apache2.service
systemctl enable apache2.service

  • Here is the command output.

[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# systemctl start apache2.service
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# systemctl enable apache2.service
Synchronizing state of apache2.service with SysV service script with /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable apache2

Step 3: Install SVN & Dependencies.

apt-get install subversion libapache2-mod-svn subversion-tools libsvn-dev

  • Here is the command output.

[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# apt-get install subversion libapache2-mod-svn subversion-tools libsvn-dev
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
libapr1-dev libaprutil1-dev libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libconfig-inifiles-perl libcrypt-dev libexpat1-dev libldap2-dev libpython2-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal
libpython2.7-stdlib libsctp-dev libsctp1 libserf-1-1 libsvn-perl libsvn1 liburi-perl libutf8proc2 linux-libc-dev manpages-dev postfix python-subversion python2
python2-minimal python2.7 python2.7-minimal uuid-dev
Suggested packages:
db5.3-util python glibc-doc lksctp-tools libserf-dev libsvn-doc zlib1g-dev libwww-perl procmail postfix-mysql postfix-pgsql postfix-ldap postfix-pcre postfix-lmdb
postfix-sqlite sasl2-bin | dovecot-common resolvconf postfix-cdb mail-reader postfix-doc python2-doc python-tk python2.7-doc binutils binfmt-support ruby-svn svn2cl
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libapache2-mod-svn libapr1-dev libaprutil1-dev libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libconfig-inifiles-perl libcrypt-dev libexpat1-dev libldap2-dev libpython2-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal
libpython2.7-stdlib libsctp-dev libsctp1 libserf-1-1 libsvn-dev libsvn-perl libsvn1 liburi-perl libutf8proc2 linux-libc-dev manpages-dev postfix python-subversion python2
python2-minimal python2.7 python2.7-minimal subversion subversion-tools uuid-dev
0 upgraded, 31 newly installed, 0 to remove and 37 not upgraded.
Need to get 18.4 MB of archives.
After this operation, 99.3 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y

  • Configure the Postfix.
  • Select Internet Site & Click ok.

  • Provide the System Mail Name & Click ok.

  • Enable the Apache2 module to run SVN.

a2enmod dav
a2enmod dav_svn

  • Restart the apache2 service.

service apache2 restart

  • Here is the command output.

[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# a2enmod dav
Module dav already enabled
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# a2enmod dav_svn
Considering dependency dav for dav_svn:
Module dav already enabled
Module dav_svn already enabled
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# service apache2 restart
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu#

Step 4: Configure Apache2 service for SVN.

  • Open the following config file.

vim /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dav_svn.conf

  • Add the following lines:

<Location /svn>
DAV svn
SVNParentPath /var/www/svn
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Subversion Repository"
AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd
Require valid-user
</Location>

  • Now Create the Repository & Provide the permission.

mkdir /var/www/svn
svnadmin create /var/www/svn/project
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/svn
chmod -R 775 /var/www/svn

Step 5: Create SVN User Account.

  • Provide the username admin.

htpasswd -cm /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd admin

  • Provide the password.
  • Here is the command output.

[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# mkdir /var/www/svn
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# svnadmin create /var/www/svn/project
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/svn
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# chmod -R 775 /var/www/svn
[email protected]:/home/ubuntu# htpasswd -cm /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd admin
New password:
Re-type new password:
Adding password for user admin

  • Restart the apache2 service.

systemctl restart apache2

Step 6: Open Apache Subversion Web Interface.

http://server-ip/svn/project

  • Here is the output.
  • Provide the Username & Password.

  • Now Apache Subversion is Ready.

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